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Types of Tiles | Tile Industry

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Tiles are perfect for your d矇cor whether using it on floor or a wall. They look great in kitchens and bathrooms as well and can be used in other spaces, too. Choosing the right tile is tricky work; there are thousands of colors and designs to choose from. The tiles vary in type and cost. There are diverse varieties of tiles available.

Types of tiles

Ceramic Tiles- Ceramic comes from the Greek term Keramos, meaning "a potter" or "pottery. The process of developing Ceramic tile is still very much the same, since the earlier period. For the creation of all ceramic materials, one needs to bake a mixture of clays at a very high temperature. A ceramic tile, therefore, is the resulting product, after a mixture of clays have been treated appropriately, pressed, fired at a high temperature and cut to size. A ceramic tile consists of two parts: the body, which is called the bisque and the surface, which is called the glaze. Many people like to use ceramic tiles to make flooring as it has many advantages. It tends to be extremely durable, and it is easy to clean, especially in situations where drains are installed in the flooring, it allows people to essentially clean the area.

Ceramic tiles are also available in glazed and unglazed form. Some unglazed tiles can be custom-painted and re-fired to set the glaze, while others are ideal for situations in which porous tiles are needed, such as when making garden walkways. If you are interested in making mosaic with ceramic tiles, many tile stores are delighted to give you broken scraps as well.

Metal tiles- Metal tiles are mostly used as a roof. Metal roofing tiles are very popular for its low maintenance, superior weather resistance and long life. Metal Roof Tiles look so much like clay or concrete roof tiles. Many builders and renovators use the Metal Tiles for extensions, renovations and house. Metal roof tiles are strong and weather resistant and act much better in case of hail and strong wind. That makes the metal tiles a superior roofing product comparing with ordinary concrete tiles.

Mosaic tiles- The term mosaic refers to a picture or design that is made up of many smaller pieces of material. The original mosaics were made of materials ranging from terracotta and stone to gold pieces and glass. Eventually, pieces were created specifically for use in creating these elaborate pictures and the mosaic tile was born. Mosaic tiles are made from different types of clay. The different clay types are colored with different pigments and, therefore, the color is prevalent throughout the tile. Contrast this with glazed tiles---the glaze is only applied on top of the clay tile; if the glazed clay tile is chipped, the color will not show through. In a mosaic tile, because the clay itself is pigmented, the color runs through the entire tile (so the color is prevalent even if the tile is chipped). Mosaic tiles are usually 2 inch (5 cm) or smaller pieces. They can be squares, most commonly found in home improvement stores, or odd shapes usually purchased in a craft or art store. Today, mosaic tiles are popular for creating elaborate patterns like those found on backsplashes and entryways. They are also used for making tiled or random patterns on clay pots, mirrors and other decorative items. Their small size makes them an excellent material for assembling intricate designs and combining a variety of colors. When many mosaic tiles of the same color are placed side by side in a single area, the effect can be a very striking modern look.

Vitrified Tiles :-

Vitrified tiles are made by mixing silica and clay to form a non porous tile with glassy texture. The main categories of Vitrified tiles would be Vitrified porcelain tiles, Vitrified ceramic tiles, marbonite vitrified tiles and marble vitrified tiles. The differences between vitrified tiles and ceramic tiles are that vitrified tiles are actually one kind of ceramic tile. But these are made after verification process and go through high level of refining generating glass kind of effect while ceramic tiles are made out of natural biodegradable and recyclable materials. Vitrified tiles manufacturers assure that these tiles are completely non porous and hence long lasting. The vitrified tiles cost for fully vitrified tiles flooring is a little higher compared to the ceramic tiles and so in many parts ceramic tiles are preferred over it. But with the metro lifestyle Vitrified tiles are definitely going to rule flooring coliseum in the near future.

Digital tiles- One such trend is digitally printed tiles. These tiles are increasingly in vogue as they give a unique look to the walls by transforming a dull painted wall into stunning artwork. With unlimited designs possibilities, sharper finishes and high resolution printing, digital tiles is now becoming ceramic art for the walls. Digital tiles can replaces any other natural product such as wood, stone, marble and acts like a replica. One can have the picture of his/her on the tile with the technology of Digital printing.

Stone tiles- Natural stone tiles were used by some of the oldest civilizations to create stunning floor and wall coverings and displays. Natural stone tiles have more character and depth than ceramic tile. Any natural stone tile project begins with stone tile selection. Understanding the qualities of each type of stone can help you make this decision. There are different stone tile available such as Granite, Marble, travertine, limestone, and slate which are highly suitable for interior or exterior floor and wall. Decorative stones tiles are also used for accentuate various surface covering forms.

Solar tiles- Solar tiles were first used the way back of 1990. Solar tiles have a top layer of photovoltaic (PV) material that generates electricity from the sunlight. The solar tile systems can incorporate conventional roofing materials like slate, asphalt, metal, and fiber cement with the solar tiles. This will enable the appearance of the solar tiled roof to be similar to a regular roof. They can easily be installed on the roofs and connected to the buildings electricity supply. Each tile has a plug in connector, and during installation process they are wired together. Solar tiles are very reliable material as its average lifespan is nothing less than 20 years. This system requires least maintenance. The self locking fixing system in the solar roof tiles permits easy removal of glass laminate for cleaning, inspection or replacement.

Use of tiles

Home- Tiles play an important role when it comes to interior the d矇cor and it is widely used on floors and walls. Ceramic wall and floor tiles are becoming a better option of flooring because they are very easy to maintain, long lasting and add a beautiful effect to the room and to your d矇cor. The most attractive wall coverings in current interior or home decor industry are the use of mosaic tiles. The various small and big sizes of mosaic tiles available can be used to create a great composition of different hues. Digital tiles are also most talked when it comes to interior your house. With the help of Digital tile one can easily replaces the natural products and give a look of wood, marble, stone etc. ,as a wide range of options are available in the market.

Offices- Flooring plays important part weather its office flooring or any other commercial places. Choosing tiles for office is an ideal choice as it is commercial area that needs to be kept clean, sterile, and disinfected and tiles is the best option to choose. In a store, tiles make it easier to push trolleys, in a doctor or dentists office tiles ensure excellent standards of cleanliness. You could choose either ceramic tiles or stone tiles depending on your preference.

Malls- Malls are the place which is highly commercial and crowded. Tiles is the best options where it is easy to clean, highly durable and less maintainces is required. Glazed vitrified tiles with glossy finish is opted which gives an attractive look to the area where it is applied.

Airports- Tiles is mostly preferred in the commercial areas. Airports were tiles are mostly laid in the parking area, lobby, bathrooms, and main area. Ceramic tiles are preferred in the lobby areas and main entrances. Parking area where more thick and rustic tiles are used.


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